Woodhenge [left, on Google Earth] has a ground floor area of about 1600m², whereas most roundhouses were less than 180m². What this represents in terms of accommodation depends on the arrangement of floors.
In Western Europe, the arrival of metalworking is associated with the Beaker culture. Beakers are distinctive drinking cups, and importantly, they are found in the graves of individuals, accompanied by a range of other grave goods such as flint knives and arrowheads and stone bracers/ wrist guards, as well as metal objects like daggers, clothing pins, and gold jewellery.
The Wessex Culture
- It is a very unbalanced form: the outer side roof is about 1500m², while the inner part is about 900m².
- Placing rafter pairs at right angles to the ridge cannot adequately account for roofing of those areas, or ‘corners’, adjacent to the ridge posts, which are not parallel to the centre line of the roof.
- It does not explain the additional plate.
- It does not really explain how the centre of the building worked.
- A simplistic section shows a very tall building [c. 50’/16m], open like a barn, which is of little practical use without floors.
- Floored buildings require stairs for access.
- To make such a building functional would require windows to light the interior.
- Overall, the whole scheme is flimsy and structurally naive for building of this scale, even given that ties and bracing have been omitted.
Part II of this article is on line here
Sources and Further reading
Tony Johson's here: